- Pain is a warning signal to the body.
- Pain sensors react to many different stimuli.
- Pain and inflammation are often interrelated.
- Pain medications help reduce it.
This information may be important for people who are suffering from pain:
- Pain is a warning to your body, pay attention to it and try to eliminate the cause of the pain.
- Pain relieving drugs can help reduce pain, but they will not cure pain-causing diseases.
Given that untreated pain can turn into chronic, it needs to be treated.
If the pain does not go away, visit your doctor. Your doctor will perform tests to determine the cause of the pain and remove it.
- Pain medications can have side effects, especially for long periods of time. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for safe use of medicines.
- Pain relievers are not recommended for use in pregnant or breast-feeding women. Also, many medicines can cause serious disorders in children. When administered to a doctor, infants and children can use them at low doses.
Pain is a warning signal to the body
Pain is a sensation that occurs when sensory nerves are irritated. Nerve extremities are numerous in the skin and in other parts of the body. These pain sensors respond to many different stimuli, such as heat, pressure or stretching; and their reaction is different. Everyone experiences pain in different ways, psychological factors exacerbate this perception. Pain warns that the body is at risk of being sick or overwhelmed.
The size of the skin on the skin is approximately:
To better understand what is pain, let’s take a look at how our body takes a painful signal and how this information is transmitted and absorbed.
Nervous cells receive and transmit signals. Each nerve cell has an area where it receives the signal and transmits it further. The small branches of the nerve cells are called dendrites, which take stimuli. The irritation of the free nerve end results in an electrical signal that passes through the axon to the nerve cell. Axon is a longer nerve cell cuff that can be coated with myelin. Soap shell accelerates electrical signal transmission. The axon pain signal can be transmitted only in one direction – to the end of the cell exit. At the end of the output, there is a synapse that provides signal transmission to other nerve and muscle cells.
- Admission end;
- Myelin sheath;
- End of Exit
Patient Information “Pain”
In the synapse, an electrical signal stimulates substances called neurotransmitters, Neurotransmitters bind to other nerve cell receptors, and the ion channels open. The Ion channels have small angels through which the detected particles can travel. The charge of atoms, or the so-called ions, gets through these channels to the cell. They have an electrical charge, which respectively generates electrical potential and electrical signal transmission.
- Open ion channel;
- Synaptic space;
- Closed ion channel
When the signal reaches the spinal cord, it is further transferred to the brain. At first, the signal goes to the brain area, which is called tampami, and from there to the sensory zones in the cerebral cortex. Here the signal turns into pain. The nature and intensity of the signal tells you whether it will be felt as a pain or will not be felt at all. The signal in the spinal cord can trigger a reflex. In this case, the signal is transmitted further into the nerve cells, which are called motoneurons, and they cause the muscles to shrink. In this way, we can respond to pain, as long as we analyze what kind of pain it is.
The brains of the sensors located throughout the body constantly receive enormous amounts of information. Most of this information is rejected and never reaches conscience. Only in this way can you concentrate on things that are important in the current situation.
When we open our shoes and do not concentrate on the sensations it creates, we stop feeling like them. However, if the footwear is uncomfortable and stressed, then it would be difficult to focus on someone else.
- Spinal cord
The nerves transmit the pain signal to the spinal cord.
The spinal cord is filtering the pain signals, transmitting them to the brain or causing a reaction.
The brain perceives the pain signal and locates it.